Page 15 - Swachhata Chronicles – Transformative Tales from India (eBook)
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               After the transformative change brought about by the Swachh Bharat Mission – Grameen
               (SBM-G)  Phase-I,  when  all  villages  across  the  country  had  declared  themselves  as  Open
               Defecation Free (ODF), the Government of India, in February 2020, approved SBM-G Phase-II
               with a total outlay of Rs. 1.4 lakh crores. The objective was to transform villages into ODF Plus
               Model villages that sustain their ODF status, have arrangements for Solid and Liquid Waste
               Management (SLWM), and are visually clean.

               SBM-G Phase-II is being implemented in a mission mode across rural India from 2020–2021
               to 2024–2025.

               Given that all States may not fulfill all criteria under different verticals before declaring a
               village as ODF Plus, the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS) reviewed the
               criteria and introduced intermediate stages in the process of declaring a village as ODF Plus.
               In an ODF Plus Aspiring village, all households and establishments have access to functional
               toilets, separate for men and women, and arrangements are in place either for Solid
               Waste Management (SWM) or Liquid Waste Management (LWM). In an ODF Rising village,
               all households and establishments have access to functional toilets, and the village has
               arrangements for SLWM. An ODF Plus Model village is one that sustains its ODF status; has
               arrangements for SLWM; is visually clean with minimal litter, minimal stagnant wastewater,
               and  no  plastic  waste  dump  in  public  places;  and  displays  Information,  Education  and
               Communication (IEC) messages on safe sanitation practices.

               As on 15  July 2023, of the total 5,91,779 villages across the country, 3,74,085 villages (more
               than  60  per  cent)  have  achieved  ODF  Plus  status.  Among  these,  2,58,227  are  ODF  Plus
               Aspiring; 43,242 are ODF Plus Rising; and 72,616 villages are ODF Plus Model.

               This translates into 2,02,202 villages having arrangements for SWM; 3,04,830 villages having
               arrangements for LWM; 643 Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources Dhan (GOBARdhan)
               plants; and 1,832 Plastic Waste Management Units (PWMUs) across the country.

               To further create an enabling environment, the Government has allocated Rs. 52,137 crores
               for the year 2023–2024. In addition to SBM-G funds, 15  Finance Commission (FC) funds are
               allocated for sanitation, which can be utilized to build sanitation assets, promote behaviour
               change, and implement SLWM systems.

               With  less  than  two  years  left  to  achieve  the  objectives,  the  Rural  WASH  Partners’  Forum
               (RWPF) has stepped in to support the campaign by way of provision of technical support,
               skilling  and  awareness  generation.  Their  support  would  accelerate  SBM-G  activities  and
               enable villages to achieve ODF Plus Model status at the earliest.

               This booklet contains 75 best practices of States in various ODF Plus activities that showcase
               their innovations, measures taken to overcome barriers and raise awareness, special
               campaigns launched and other endeavours in order to meet the goals of SBM-G Phase-II.

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